ANTIGONUS


ANTIGONUS
ANTIGONUS (c. 135–104 B.C.E.), Hasmonean prince; son of john hyrcanus and younger brother of judah aristobulus . Antigonus and Aristobulus were put in command of the siege of Samaria by their father. They succeeded in capturing and destroying the city after defeating Antiochus IX Cyzicenus of Syria and the army of Ptolemy Lathyrus of Egypt which had been sent to aid the besieged town. When Judah Aristobulus succeeded to the throne, he imprisoned his mother and his younger brothers, but appointed Antigonus commander of the army and his associate in the administration of the state. During the war, Upper Galilee, southern Lebanon, and part of northern Transjordan were captured, and the Itureans were compelled to adopt Judaism. Josephus' account of the death of Antigonus contains several contradictions. He states that Aristobulus, ridden by suspicion and fear of assassination, issued an order forbidding anyone to enter his palace armed. Subsequently, Antigonus returned after the war on the Itureans. On appearing in the Temple during the Feast of Tabernacles dressed in his splendid new armor, he was loudly acclaimed by the people. When the king heard this he sent a messenger to his brother commanding antigonus him to appear before him unarmed. Antigonus' enemies, however, bribed the messenger to tell Antigonus the opposite and when he reached Strato's Tower on his way to the palace, he was killed by the guards. This tale is linked with another relating the "prophecy" of a certain Essene who foresaw that Antigonus would be slain that day. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Jos., Ant., 13:276–81, 301–13; Jos., Wars, 1:64 ff., 70ff.; Klausner, Bayit Sheni, 3 (19502), 141 ff.; Schuerer, Gesch, 1 (19014), 267 ff., 274; Meyer, Ursp, 2 (1921), 273 ff. (Abraham Schalit)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • ANTIGONUS II — (Mattathias), last king of the hasmonean dynasty, reigned 40–37 B.C.E.; youngest son of aristobulus ii . After the conquest of Jerusalem by Pompey (63 B.C.E.) Antigonus was taken to Rome with other members of the royal family. In 57 he escaped… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antigonus — may refer to:* Three Macedonian kings of the Antigonid dynasty that succeeded Alexander the Great in Asia: ** Antigonus I Monophthalmus (382–301 BC) ** Antigonus II Gonatas (319–239 BC) ** Antigonus III Doson (263–221 BC) * Antigonus of Callas… …   Wikipedia

  • Antigŏnus — Antigŏnus, ein Fach auf dem römischen Spielbret, s. u. Würstin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Antigonus — Antigŏnus, der Einäugige, einer der Feldherren Alexanders d. Gr., erhielt bei der Teilung vom dessen Reich Großphrygien, Lyzien und Pamphylien, erweiterte aber in zahlreichen Kämpfen gegen die übrigen Kämpfen die Diadochen diesen Besitz und… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antigonus — Antigonus, Feldherr Alexanders des Gr., der erste, welcher sich nach dessen Tod König nannte, Vater des Demetrius Poliorketes, hatte beinahe ganz Asien erobert, verlor aber zuletzt bei Ipsus in Phrygien Schlacht und Leben, 301 vor Chr. Von ihm… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Antigonus (I) — [an tig′ə nəs] 382 301 B.C.; Macedonian general under Alexander the Great: king of Macedonia (306 301): called Cyclops * * * …   Universalium

  • ANTIGONUS I — ANTIGONUS I. Gonatas, Demetrii Poliorcetae fil. Antigoni prioris nepos, Macedonum Rex, regnavit A. M. 3778. Atheniensibus libertatem restituit, Gallos superavit, demum a Pyrrho Macedoniam occupante regnô pulsus est, quod tamen, illô morruô,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • ANTIGONUS II — ANTIGONUS II. Tutor Philippi, filii Demetrii, cuius viduâ in uxorem ductâ, regnum ipse invasit. Δώσων dictus est, teste Plut. in P. Aemylio, quod multa promitteret, pauca vero praestaret. Cleomenem Spartanum Regem, qui Aetolis contra Achivos… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Antigonus (I) — [an tig′ə nəs] 382 301 B.C.; Macedonian general under Alexander the Great: king of Macedonia (306 301): called Cyclops …   English World dictionary

  • Antigonus (I) — [an tig′ə nəs] 382 301 B.C.; Macedonian general under Alexander the Great: king of Macedonia (306 301): called Cyclops …   English World dictionary